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Gum Disease Treatments in Turkey

If gum diseases are not treated in time, they can cause bigger problems. You can have your dental treatments without waiting by specialised dentists in Turkey.

Gum Diseases
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Gum diseases are mainly caused due to poor oral hygiene. When teeth are not brushed regularly, a yellow-white layer containing bacteria called dental plaque forms on the teeth. These bacteria cause infection in the soft and hard tissues that surround the teeth and result in gum disease. When plaque is not cleaned for a long time, it hardens and deposits around the gums. These hard deposits are called tartar or dental calculus. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing or flossing. In the initial stage of gum disease, only the gums are affected, this is called gingivitis. When the infection affects the bone, a disease called periodontitis occurs. What are the risk factors for gum disease;

  • Poor oral hygiene, smoking
  • Genetics 
  • Crooked or crowded teeth
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes, some medications (some anticonvulsants, oral contraceptives, steroids etc.)
  • Some diseases that suppress the immune system such as HIV
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Gum Disease After Treatment
Gum Disease Treatments in Turkey Photos

What is gum disease? What are the sypmtoms?

In simple terms, gum disease is an infection of the gum and bone that surrounds the tooth. The first symptom of gum disease is swollen gums and bleeding while brushing. If left untreated, it results in gingival recession, bone loss and inevitably tooth loss. Symptoms of gum disease

  • Swollen and red gums (healthy gum tissue looks pink and firm)
  • Soreness when touching the gums 
  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing 
  • Bad breath, bad taste in the mouth
  • Pus flowing from the area between the tooth and gum 
  • Pain while chewing
  • Displacement of teeth, formation of gaps between them, feeling different when biting 
  • When the gingival margin is displaced downwards, the tooth appears longer, this is called gingival recession. In this situation, the teeth appear longer than they really are.
  • Loosening of the teeth and spontaneous loss of teeth.


Stages of Gum Disease



Gingivitis can be defined as a gingival infection caused by bacteria present in plaque and tartar that accumulates around the teeth as a result of poor oral hygiene. It usually reveals itself with mild swelling, redness and bleeding in the gums. Most people will get gingivitis at some stage in their lives due to various causes, but mild symptoms tend to be ignored. When they are ignored, they can lead to bigger problems. Patients often visit the dentist with complaints of bleeding when brushing their teeth. Gingivitis is often reversible if it is treated properly.


If gingivitis left untreated, the infection invades the ligaments and bone that surrounds the teeth and causes a condition called periodontitis. Infection causes bone loss and leads to the formation of uncleanable areas called pockets between the teeth and gums. Unless these areas are cleaned, more plaque and tartar accumulate, the accumulation of bacteria increases, the disease progresses and worsens. As periodontal disease progresses, gingival recession may occur. If left untreated, bone loss can progress dramatically. Since the supporting tissue around the teeth will weaken, the teeth become loose and fall out by themselves or have to be extracted by the dentist.

Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

Acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis is a sudden onset and highly painful gingival infection. It is characterised by red and bleeding gums, grey-white ulcerative lesions on the gums, bad breath and severe pain. It is mostly seen in patients who are heavy smokers and alcohol users and in patients with low immune system. Stress is an significant triggering factor. If left untreated, it may invade to the bone and results with bone loss and cause irreversible damage.

Gingival enlargement 

Gingival enlargement is an abnormal overgrowth of gingival tissue and is also named as gingival hyperplasia or gingival hypertrophy. Gingival hyperplasia or gingival hypertrophy is an inflammation caused mostly by plaque accumulated as a result of poor oral hygiene. In addition, gingival overgrowth can also be caused by some medications, pregnancy, genetics and some systemic diseases. Gingival overgrowth caused by poor oral hygiene will resolve by itself after professional cleaning and good oral hygiene, if it is not too severe. In cases when the gingival overgrowth does not resolve by itself, surgical removal of the gingiva might be necessary.


How to treat gum disease and how to prevent?

The most effective method for the prevention of gum disease is maintaining proper oral hygiene. Teeth should be brushed at least twice a day (in the morning and at bedtime) and flossed at least once a day. Efficient brushing and flossing protect your oral health by removing the bacteria responsible for gum disease. Besides daily oral care, regular dental check-ups, professional cleaning of dental tartar every 6 to 12 months as advised by your doctor are also helpful to prevent gum diseases. If presence of factors that increase the risk of gum disease like smoking, diabetes, genetic predisposition, use of certain medications or having dry mouth, you may need to visit your dentist more frequently. As smoking affects our general health, it also affects gingival health quite negative, therefore quitting smoking is very important in preventing gum diseases.

The management of gum diseases varies according to the severity of the disease, your general health and the outcomes of previous gingival treatments. Mild and moderate gingivitis can usually be successfully managed with regular brushing and flossing following professional cleaning.

In case the gum disease is severe, your dentist will first need to determine how far the disease has progressed. For this purpose, dentist will take x-ray and assess the health of your teeth and whether there is any loss in the surrounding bone. Then, with a thin long tool called a periodontal probe, he will measure the depth of the area between the tooth and the gum, which we call the gingival pocket. In addition to x-ray and gingival pocket evaluation, he will make a treatment plan for you, after evaluating gingival bleeding, the amount of plaque and tartar on your teeth.

In more advanced cases, such as periodontitis and acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis, your doctor may recommend a treatment known as root planing or curettage. It is similar to normal tartar removal, but the aim is to remove deeper plaque and tartar as well as the damaged root surface. Local anaesthesia is used to ensure that you do not feel pain during the procedure.

In advanced cases, surgical procedures may be performed to remove the bacteria in the gingival pockets. First, your dentist injects a local anaesthetic into the area to be treated. Then, incisions are performed on the gingiva in order to temporarily remove the gums from the teeth. In this procedure, tartar, plaque and bacteria are removed from the tooth surface, irregularities on the root surface are removed and your doctor repositions and reattach the gum.

In cases of severe infection, antibiotics and mouthwash may be prescribed in addition to these treatments. However, it should be noted that antibiotics and mouthwash are useless without good oral hygiene, so daily oral care should not be neglected. If periodontal disease progresses too far, the teeth that have lost bone support become loose and your dentist may recommend extracting the teeth.

Mild to moderate gingivitis is usually  reversible and can completely recover with effective treatment. However, if bone and gingival loss have already occurred, it is unfortunately not possible to recover these damages. The aim of the treatment is generally prevention of further progression, not restoring the structural support around the tooth. Nevertheless, in some limited situations, it may be possible to enhance the structural support around the tooth with gingival and bone grafting.


Gum Inflammation


Considerations after periodontal surgery

  • Do not eat anything until the local anaesthetic has worn off, as you may bite your lips and cheeks without realising it. 
  • Use the prescribed antibiotics, painkillers and mouthwashes as recommended by your doctor.
  • Some bleeding as oozing is normal. Spitting or rinsing the mouth during this period will cause bleeding to last longer. 
  • It is normal to have some swelling and pain in the operation area. Do not forget to apply ice pack as recommended by your doctor. 
  • You can brush your teeth normally except the operation area, but avoid brushing the operation area for the first 24 hours. Afterwards, you should use the extra soft toothbrushes specially produced for post-surgery as recommended by your doctor. 
  • Sometimes your doctor will put periodontal dressing to protect the operation area. Care should be taken not to damage the dressing while brushing and eating. 
  • Very hot drinks and foods should not be consumed for the first 24 hours after the operation. In the first 2 weeks, it is recommended to chew with the non-operated sites, softer foods are preferred. 
  • Alcohol and smoking should be avoided for 2 weeks. Especially smoking has a highly negative effect on recovery.


Are there any side effect of gum treatment?

It is normal to feel some sensitivity after teeth cleaning. Before cleaning, teeth are covered with plaque and tartar but after cleaning, they will be exposed and be more sensitive to air, hot or cold foods. Tooth sensitivity is temporary, it will improve in a few days. If it does not improve, you should consult your dentist.

There may be some pain in the gums after cleaning, which usually passes in a few days

Following tooth cleaning, it is normal to have swelling and bleeding in the gums. With proper brushing, the bleeding and swelling will gradually decrease within a few days. Rinsing with salt water helps at this stage.

Particularly in patients who have bone and gingival loss, dark- triangular gaps occur between the teeth. this called also open gingival embrasures. When the teeth are not cleaned regularly, these areas may become filled with food debris, tartar and plaque and may become invisible. After dental cleaning, these gaps will become visible. There is a false belief in the society that gaps occur between the teeth following tartar cleaning. Dental cleaning does not create gaps between your teeth, it reveals the gaps that already exist but are filled with tartar and food residues.

Complications that may occur as a result of periodontal treatment depend on which periodontal disease is being treated and the method of treatment. However, it is generally a very safe treatment, there is not much risk.The biggest possible complication is postoperative infection, but if postoperative care is performed properly, the rate is very low.

After periodontal surgery, some bleeding, swelling and pain are normal.

Since the root surface is intervened during root planning, it is normal to have root hypersensitivity for a while after the procedure.

Gingival recession may occur after root planing and pocket reduction surgery. The infected gingival tissue becomes swollen. As the infection goes away, the swelling will decrease and gums will shrink back. In fact, after treatment existing gingival recession will be revealed.

during periodontal surgery, sometimes gums are dissected and positioned below to reduce the depth of gingival pockets which cannot be cleaned. The aim is to improve the cleanability of the gingival pocket, but since the gingiva is positioned below, the root surface will become more visible.


Patients’ Opinion Matters!

We do our best to ensure that our patients' dental treatments are comfortable. Keeping their satisfaction at the highest level is very important to us.

Melissa N. 01.03.2023
I wanted the smile makeover. I researched and contacted this firm. I had an online consultation with the dentist in Turkey. She convinced me that if we improve the alignment of my teeth, I will have an aesthetic appearance with laminate veneer without much damage to my teeth. She said that we could start clear aligner treatment first, but she said that the issue would be more clear in the clinical environment. The process progressed as we discussed at the beginning. It took some time, but I have both aesthetic and healthy teeth.
Jacob C. 04.06.2023
I have my wedding next month and I want everything to be perfect. I was not happy with the shape and colour of my teeth. I had some friends who had their teeth done in Turkey. I quickly searched the internet and met this team. They accompanied me throughout my entire treatment. I am very pleased with the clinic they recommended to me. I would like to thank my dentists and their team for giving me this beautiful smile before my wedding.
Georgiana B. 15.04.2023
I wished to reward myself and decided to have laminate veneers on my teeth. While searching on the internet, I realised that it was cheaper in Turkey. As a result, I contacted the company. They guided me and i went to Istanbul. Doctor Ege examined me and said that laminate veneers were not suitable. Because I was clenching my teeth too hard and the laminate veneer could be broken. He offered an alternative that we can achieve aesthetics with zirconium crowns, although not as much as laminate. I accepted but I had concerns. When my treatment was completed, I realised that my worries were unnecessary because it felt good. I liked that he warned me and gave up laminate.
Yusra B. 25.11.2022
I have a friend who has had teeth done in Turkey and is very naturalistic. I wanted teeth that were not noticeable by others, but I had mobility in my front teeth. I was very afraid of losing my teeth. When I sent my X-rays and photos, they said that there was nothing to be afraid of and that gum treatment would be done before the crown. When I first came to the clinic, the doctor and staff made me feel very comfortable. First, my gum treatment was done and it was expected to heal for 5 days. Afterwards, they made my teeth cut and took their measurements. After a very short time, I had teeth that were not noticeable from others, just as I wanted. When I looked at the mirror they gave me after they bonded my teeth, I couldn't stop myself from being surprised at how it could be so much natural. A team that understands your wishes and supports you from beginning to end.
Maciej M. 02.07.2023
I had heard that dental treatments were cheap in Turkey. I was concerned about the situation of some of my teeth. I did some research and met with various dentists. In general, they offered to make veneers on my 10 teeth to make my smile aesthetic. I also contacted Belal from this agency and he contacted me with prosthesis specialist Ege. Ege said that he thought I could have an aesthetic smile with fewer veneers. I wanted my teeth to look as natural as possible, so it built trust. I had planned a long holiday, I had a plan just in case. At first, I went to Ege's clinic, I was examined and we decided to make laminate veneers only on my 2 teeth that were worn out. So it was even less costly. My treatment was over before we could even discover Istanbul. I continued my holiday with my new teeth.
Samantha K. 12.04.2023
I could not laugh in front of my friends, I was constantly covering my mouth with my hand. I was very bored with this situation and I wanted to take action anyway. I found this place in my research on the internet and I contacted very quickly. When I told my story, they listened to me calmly and explained the solution very quickly and clearly. I liked this situation very much and we took the necessary actions without wasting any time. When I came to the clinic, they said that I had bone loss in some parts of my jaw, but that they would solve it with the most appropriate method. I reported that I could not sit on the couch for a long time and the doctor really acted very quickly and placed 4 implants on top and 2 implants on the bottom in almost 2 hours. We made an appointment for 3 months later and I had no problems with my temprorary teeth until then. When I came to the second time, they make my teeth without any trouble, I am very happy now and I can laugh as I want.
Ergunnes 01.10.2023
The dental crowns that I had done before harmed my gums and got a bad appearance. I wanted to change it, I reached this company by searching the internet. We had an online meeting and the dentist listened to me. The treatment plan they offered me seemed appropriate. We arranged my travel and accommodation with the company representative. They picked me up from the airport and took me to my hotel. Everything went very well. I rested for a day and then went to the clinic for my appointment. I had an x-ray and was examined. Doctor Ege created a new plan almost similar to the treatment plan they had made in our previous meeting. Istanbul was very fun, and my treatment was completed as I wanted.
Hazal D. 12.08.2023
I was not satisfied with my crowns that I had used before and I thought that they should be changed and I should use more natural crowns. I started to do research on the internet. When I found this place, they said that my gums might have problems and that's why my pain might be because of this. When I came to the clinic, we learnt that I had inflammation in my gums. Gum treatment was started quickly. first they made a proving and although it was a trial, it was very nice. After my recovery was complete, I went again and they took my impression. I had even more beautiful teeth than in the trial.
Pauline G. 25.10.2022
During our planned holiday in Turkey, I learnt that the dental service prices here are affordable. I met Mr. Bilal from the research I did on the internet. With his interest and quick guidance, we made an appointment to the dental clinic. I had a very fast and painless treatment process. At the end of the day, my veneer was natural and real like as I wanted.
Elena 02.05.2023
I was sure that my teeth would look different, so I thought I would feel better. I contacted with the recommendation of a friend. We met online, dentist Ege said that my smile was very aesthetic. At first I didn't understand why he did this, I thought it would be better to research other places, but during the conversation I realised that he cared about natural teeth. He also understood my concerns, I decided to be treated. Turkey is already a country where I have visited a lot, I like to spend summers in Antalya. I prepared my trip and set off for Istanbul. We completed my treatment in a short time, I am very satisfied.
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